Toyota 1GD-FTV 2.8D Engine Specs, Problems & Reliability


Here in this article, you will learn about the Toyota 1GD-FTV 2.8D Engine Specs, Problems, Reliability, and Cylinder Heads. Let’s discuss the Toyota 1GD-FTV 2.8D Engine, Valvetrain, performance, and Reviews.

In 2015, the KD engine series, which was Toyota’s most common 4-cylinder diesel engine, was replaced by the GD engine series, which has the same name.


The 1GD-FTV engine took the place of the 3.0L 1KD-FTV engine, which it replaced. The Toyota LandCruiser Prado was the first SUV to use the new 2.8-litre diesel engine.

The Toyota Fortuner and Toyota Hilux followed.

The cylinder block of the 1GD-FTV is made of cast iron and doesn’t have any liners. Like the 1KD, the new engine has two balance shafts that turn in opposite directions.

The balancing unit is in a separate housing under the engine block.


The crankshaft drives it with a chain. Some engines, like the ones in the Toyota Hilux, don’t have a balancing unit to save money.

Toyota 1GD-FTV 2.8D Engine

Toyota 1GD-FTV 2.8D Engine Specs

Since this isn’t a very deep subject, we’ll keep this short. Even though the Toyota 1GD-FTV 2.8D Engine uses a lot of cutting-edge technology.

Again, its main job is to be a reliable way to get from one place to another in comfort and style. Here are some of the details about the 2AR-technical FE:

Displacement, cc
2,755 cc (168 cu in)
Fuel system
Common rail direct injection
Manufacturer  Toyota Motor Corporation
Production years 2015-present
Cylinder block material Cast Iron
Cylinder head material Aluminium
Fuel type Diesel
Configuration Inline
Number of cylinders
Valves per cylinder
Valvetrain layout

Bore, mm
92.0 mm (3.62 in)
Stroke, mm
103.6 mm (4.06 in)
Type of internal combustion engine
Four-stroke, turbocharged
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado 150, Toyota Fortuner, Toyota HiAce, Toyota Hilux, Toyota Innova
Oil change interval, mile

6,000 (10,000 km) or 12 month
Engine oil capacity, litre
7.5 (0.5 – oil filter)
Engine oil weight
Firing order
Torque, lb-ft
310-332 lb-ft (420-450 Nm)/1400-2600
Compression Ratio

Cylinder Block 

The cylinder block of the Toyota 1GD-FTV is a conventional cast-iron design without liners. Like the 1KD, the new engine features a pair of balance shafts that spin in opposite directions.

The balancing unit has its own housing under the engine block and is connected to the crankshaft via a chain for operation. Some engine versions don’t feature a balanced unit to keep costs down.

Cylinder Head

An aluminium alloy is used to make the cylinder head. There are 16 valves altogether, with four serving as intake valves and another four serving as exhaust valves for each cylinder.

The intake airflow and combustion chamber shape have been enhanced in the redesigned cylinder head. On the top of the head are two camshafts that are operated by a chain.

When it comes to the camshafts, the crankshaft is not directly involved.

In addition, the timing chain is driven by the single-row roller chain that runs from the crankshaft to the high-pressure fuel pump via a sprocket on the fuel pump.

Hydraulic tappets and roller rocker arms control the valves.

Toyota 1GD-FTV 2.8D Engine  Problems

Issues with the Toyota 1GD-FTV motor:

There were no major issues discovered in the first several years of operation for the GD series, especially the 1GD-FTV, albeit a few specific failures should be called out.

Also, Toyota found out about these problems in record time and put them in the company’s standard Technical Service Bulletin.

Among these problems are:

1. DPF clogging

The particle filter is a popular choice, so let’s begin there. Problems with auto-regeneration cause this part to become blocked over time.

However, a more effective ECU calibration has been available since the spring of 2017, and a manual regeneration button has been standard since the summer of 2018.

In 2019, it will be recommended that everyone use their own individual kit to set up the manual regeneration button.

2 Power Outages and Other Problems

ingress of dust into the intake duct downstream of the air filter. Because of this, there was a loss of power and other complications because the MAF sensor became polluted.

Toyota is unaware of the problem, but somehow they highlighted it in their TSB.

Toyota 1GD-FTV 2.8D Engine Reliability

Toyota’s 2.8L diesel has a relatively short report history. However, from the very first kilometres, several owners have reported issues with the diesel particulate filter (DPF) and excessive oil usage.

After that, a software update was put out for the engine that did away with the issues. If and how this affects dependability remains to be seen.

On multiple fronts, including efficiency, noise, power, and emissions, the preceding diesel series is now considered antiquated. Compared to the 1KD-FTV, the 1GD-FTV is a more modern and technologically advanced engine.

However, the 1GD-FTV’s performance specs are low, and the only improvements are quieter operation and stricter pollution rules. 

Toyota 1GD-FTV 2.8D Engine Review 

1GD FTV Toyota 2.8D engine has a capacity of 2,755 cubic centimeters (2.8 L) straight-4 common rail diesel engine. It comes with a variable turbocharger for nozzles (VNT) as well as a chain drive, and an intercooler. It is equipped with 16 valves as well as a DOHC (double overhead camshaft) design. The compression ratio stands at 15.6:1. The stroke x bore is the ratio of 92 mm to 103.6 millimeters (3.62 in 4.08 in). 4.08 inches). For a full review, please check this YouTube video Here.

Toyota 1GD-FTV 2.8D Engine FAQ 

What does 1GD-FTV mean?

Featuring a variable nozzle turbocharger (VNT), chain drive, and intercooler, the 1GD-FTV is a 2,755 cc (2.8 L) straight-4 common rail diesel engine.

It’s a DOHC (double overhead camshaft) model with 16 valves.

What does GD stand for in Toyota?

The “Global Diesel” designation denotes Toyota’s new family of diesel powertrains. Fuel efficiency and cutting-edge thermal combustion technology are the series’ defining characteristics in the GD engine family.

Who makes the 1GD-FTV?

Toyota 1GD-FTV bites the dust – Pat Callinan’s 4X4 Adventures.


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